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Fact Sheets


Approved for Public Release

USAF Scientific Advisory Board
2004 Ad-Hoc Study

Operationalizing Space Launch

Terms of Reference


Space capabilities are increasingly important to overall Air Force operations. While satellites provide much needed ISR, responsive and cost effective space launch remains an elusive activity. Missiles can be launched on minutes notice but most space launch takes a long time. It is plagued by inefficiency and high cost in part because of the schedule delays and in part because the satellite and launcher are considered independently. The goal should be the provision of military space capability on orbit in an operationally responsive timeline.

The study should consider the following issues:

  • Focus on the technologies that will allow operationally responsive space launch
  • Study the satellite design and operations that will allow rapid provision of military capabilities
  • Study the CONOPS that will allow military efficiency to be brought to space launch
  • Update the 1994 SAB study in light of the EELV that addressed some of these topics

The study will provide conclusions and recommendations on the following topics:

  • The technologies and programs in the Air Force initiative on Operationally Responsive Space Launch

Study Products
Briefing to SAF/OS and AF/CC in October 2004. Publish report in December 2004.




USAF Scientific Advisory Board
FY 2004 Summer Study

Networking to Enable Coalition Operations
Terms of Reference

The US Air Force has begun migration toward a network-enabled force. Previous SAB Studies have suggested both the path toward, and the benefits of, this transformational change in warfare. At the same time, coalitions have become increasingly important in warfare for political, access, and other reasons. However new systems and technologies that enable networked operations are not always available and are often unaffordable to coalition partners, and, as a result, US Air Force and allied/coalition partner systems are diverging technologically. Instituting coalition net centric operations will require the mixing and matching of diverse systems to achieve desired capabilities. This can be achieved through appropriate data links, proper allocation of tasks to different systems of coalition partners that exploit the capabilities of their systems, the use of the network to compensate for inadequacies of participating systems, and the use of collaborative systems among coalition command centers. Multi-level security must also be addressed. Networked forces need to be designed to reduce the gap between the "haves" and the "have-nots" and provide a more effective total force.

The study should identify and provide recommendations on the following issues:


  • Operational Concept(s) for a networked coalition.
  • A roadmap for integrating or federating US and ally/coalition partner systems into a Net Centric system-of-systems and for enhancing collaboration
  • A set of high payoff opportunities for enhancing interoperability while maintaining a proper level of security among component systems
  • Suggested technology releasability guidelines for classes of potential coalition partners

Scope Limitations
Because of the potentially large numbers of coalition partners, and the uniqueness of each one, this study could easily exceed the bounds of what the SAB is capable of completing as a summer study. Therefore the study should not attempt to address the issue for every coalition partner, but only for a small representative set of specific countries.

Study Products
Briefing to SAF/OS & AF/CC in October 2004. Publish report in December 2004.